What is Acne, What Causes it, Prevention, Treatment and Remedies.

Many people mistakenly believe that one or two pimples mean they are suffering from acne. They do not understand exactly what is acne. Any blemish or clogged pore has them running to their primary care physician for rapid treatment or the store for an anti-acne salve.

Understanding What is Acne?

No one’s skin is flawless, but if you have imperfections, then you might have acne, which is a chronic skin issue. Certain scientific researchers recently showed that 50 million Americans suffer from excessive pimples which makes it the most prevalent and far-reaching dermatological disorder in the nation. Many people wonder what causes acne? Suffers experience bumpy whiteheads, darkly discolored blackheads, and volcanic pimples on their cheeks, temples, forehead, jawline, chest, shoulders, upper back behind the ears, along with the hairline, and neck. Severe cystic acne causes scar formation if left untreated.

What Causes Acne: Why People get Acne and Others Don’t?

Acne strikes at the start of teen years and can last until you reach the big thirty-plus years old or even into your fifties. Some people battle the blemishes during the entire nine months of pregnancy, after baby delivery, from hormonal changes such as menstruation (period time), ovulation (peak of fertility), perimenopause, post-menopause, steroid use during sports, or even during stressful life events.

What causes acne is an increase and overproduction of sebum (oily residue) and bacterial colony growth. The oily and greasy substance traps dead and dying cells in the skin’s porous openings and hair follicles. Within the cesspool of oily debris is also a proficient amount of bacteria that quickly cause inflammation and pimples or cysts. Acne treatment differs and depends on plenty of factors such as severity. Without a doubt, some people will have to cope with severe acne because of their mom and dad and the poor genetics they received.

The Classifications of Acne

To diagnose acne, an MD will first examine your skin to make sure you have acne. If you have the skin problem, then they will test and grade the condition to outline the best treatments.

  • Grade One: This stage is non-inflammatory. You will exhibit whiteheads (comedones), blackheads, and only a few peaked nodules.
  • Grade Two: A greater abundance of whiteheads, blackheads and a few pustules which show rosy inflammation.
  • Grade Three: Prolific whiteheads and blackheads. The pustules are everywhere with varying forms of inflammation and yellow pus-like eruptions at the core.
  • Grade Four: At this serious stage, the acne has become cystic with deep cysts and lesions that lay beneath the dermal layers. The cysts are severely inflamed and painful. If treatment is not rendered then scarring occurs. Pit-like and crater scar formations manifest as the fibrous elastin and collagen collapse.

Acne Treatment: Which is Best?

If you have grades one or two acne, then you can buy popular at home acne remedies or over-the-the counter brands to grapple with your outbreaks by using spot treatments and natural remedies. Those with grades three or four must seek the care of a pro. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists acne as the number one reason to seek the expert insight of a dermatologist.

Acne treatments:

  • Topical: You can turn to a plethora of creams, lotions, gels, and soothing salves over-the-counter that contain varying formations. Benzoyl peroxide is a tried-and-true zit zapper. New choices include retinal-infused rub-on lotion, CBD (cannabidiol), and salicylic acid solutions. Topicals dry out the sebum, exfoliate away dead cells, and neutralize harmful bacteria that lead to breakouts. A dermatologist might also prescribe prescription-grade topicals to treat severe acne. Topicals are best for teens who have minor breakouts or older folks to treat the occasional inflamed pimple or zit.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotic help reduces the inflammation that leads to redness and swelling by killing the harmful bacteria in your skin. Usually, antibiotics are only prescribed for grades three and four. The antibiotics are a short-term treatment to gain a handle on the problem and assist other protocols.
  • Birth Control Pills: Females who suffer hormonal imbalances often enjoy contraception to control the levels of estrogen and progestin.

Brands heralded include:

  • Beyaz: Contains levomefolate calcium, drospirenone, and ethinyl estradiol.
  • Yaz: Ethinyl estradiol with drospirenone
  • Ortho Tri Cyclen: Ethinyl estradiol and norgestimate
  • Isotretinoin: A prescription medication that is an oral retinoic acid used for cystic acne (Grade Four). It works by reducing the skin’s sebum production. Cystic acne often occurs because of testosterone problems so Isotretinoin is an effective treatment for men.
    At Home Acne Remedies

Since early mankind, people have turned to DIY lotions, creams, and masks to treat acne. Many acne remedies such as traditional cooking baking soda, curdled yogurt-like kefir, beeswax, pure honey, coconut oil, and clay make outstanding acne remedies. Depending on the substance, they work by exfoliation, bacteria control, oil reduction, and pulling impurities from the pores.

Tips on How to Prevent Acne

Acne is a complicated ailment. Genetics govern a person’s hormones and susceptibility. When a child enters puberty, their androgens skyrocket which increases sebum production.

Other factors that lead to acne later in life also appear to have to do with hormonal fluctuations such as menopause, pregnancy, and menstruation.

  • Wash your face twice a day to lift dirt, debris, oil, and nasty pore-clogging bacteria
  • Avoid wearing face makeup such as creams, foundations, powders, and concealers
  • Increase your water intake, crunch ice, drink tea, juice, or coffee each day to keep your skin hydrated and prevent excessive dryness.
  • Avoid too much sun exposure which dries out your skin and increases sebum production. As your skin experiences dehydration, the cells dry up and die. Also, damage from the sun’s UV rays escalates oil production to repair the skin which causes clogged pores.
  • Do not pop, squeeze, pick, or scrape pimples or comedones which causes the spread of bacteria and leads to scarring.
  • Reduce stress which causes your immune system to nosedive and promotes bacterial growth.

Acne is a common affliction. If your breakouts become severe, then seek medical help to reduce the likelihood of scarring. Without a doubt, acne causes depression, feelings of isolation, low self-esteem, suicidal tendencies and often leads to drug addiction, alcoholism, or loose behavior because of psychological damage.



Article References:

  1. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/acne
  2. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Kk5vWVnOL9GRYqySsC45C2oJqHb1lZ8J_gUpJ1K-WOQ/edit
  3. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ahcd/NAMCS_Factsheet_DERM_2009.pdf
  4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/symptoms-causes/syc-20368047