What is Abdominal Hernia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and ICD 10 Code

This is the technical term for the region of your body commonly known as the belly. It’s the area located directly between your thorax (chest) and pelvis (near your genitals). It contains your collection of digestive organs responsible for digesting food (breaking it down), filtering out harmful substances, and waste disposal transport.

What is the abdomen?

The organs which reside here include the kidney, liver, stomach, spleen, aorta, gall bladder, pancreas, and both the small and large intestines. The medical vernacular, or abdominal wall, refers to the layers of tissues which outline the boundaries for the abdominal cavity. Keeping residents within their living quarters is quite a job.

What is an abdominal hernia

An abdominal hernia refers to the phenomena where one of these encased organs pops through a weak point in the abdominal wall. The most common occurrence is that a bit of the intestine sticks out a bit. Several different types of hernias including inguinal, hiatal, epigastric, perineal, sciatic, obturator, umbilical, and incisional are possible.

While it can be difficult to visualize what’s happening anatomically while looking at a mirror, referring to images in medical texts may provide a good picture on what’s going on. Illustrations are a great informative reference for even the most squeamish patients. A professional and anatomically correct illustration will often negate any blood. Be aware these offer a simplified references. Health education programs are a great resource for easy access to these.

What causes abdominal hernia?

There are a number of things that causes an abdominal hernia. Putting a lot of strain on your body (especially after surgeries of the abdominal region) can do this. Lifting packages that are too heavy or even a husky kid can be to blame. While being fit and pushing yourself at the gym can be a great way to manage your health, certain exercises can be dangerous if you’re risking surpassing your limits. Don’t engage in reckless behaviors. Certain medical situations will also enhance your risk of developing a hernia. Being obese, pregnant, a smoker, or having some preexisting diseases may be to blame for your susceptibility.

Is there a gender disparity in prevalence?

There is a little discrepancy over gender differences with hernias as they vary as a function of type. Inguinal hernias are the most commonly diagnosed hernia. There are over a million hernia repairs performed each year and inguinal surgeries make up about 770,000 of these cases. About 90 percent of all inguinal procedures are done on males. There is little difference between the sexes and how they suffer, however, due to the type of pain and location, sometime a female will mistake symptoms from a hernia as PMSing or a part of pregnancy.

What are abdominal hernia symptoms?

Although a woman may mistake signs as menstruation or cramps of gestation, overall there’s virtually no difference between what sexes report. The symptoms of an abdominal hernia include pain and discomfort. Even if no observable bump is obvious, you may notice when you cough or bend over, a burning or aching sensation can be felt. These painful feelings should originate in the tummy region or (or inside) your groin. If you can see an apparent bulge, sensations may stem from that direct region.

Optimal abdominal hernia treatments

There are times where watching and waiting are enough when no substantial interference is encountered. Abdominal hernia treatment may require that a surgical procedure be performed. If you do not experience any discomfort or pain, this may not be necessary. Still, make the final decision on how you will go about your treatment after you consult with a trained medical professional as their expert advice will often offer you the best possible decision.

What you can do to prevent one from happening following surgery or from bulging out after they form while you await an operation. Using an abdominal binder or hernia belt are two such options. They are tight, adjustable, elastic bands which you place over your abdominal region which attempts to keep everything in place. When fitted properly, they are safe and often effective. Depending on your circumstance, they can be crucial and helping keep your postoperative bandages in place or allow for a nonmedical, temporary solution until you can visit a proper physician (or meet with your surgeon). They will never simply disappear on their own, but if they cause no symptoms and are relatively tiny, they may not need to be touched. To manage the pain, some painkillers have proven effective.

Avoid any activity that strains the body and try to treat symptoms that would do the same. For example, treat that cough or constipation. Avoid strenuous activities that mean you must apply a lot of pressure to certain lifting activities. Relax and let your body heal. While it can be tempting (or hard not to) avoid restrictions and limitations implemented from your physician, they can make all the difference.

Follow the care instructions provided by your doctor or surgeon following any surgical procedures. If you push yourself before your body is healed and ready, you may break it in it’s weakened state in a manner that was totally preventable.

ICD 10 code for abdominal hernia

The ICD 10 CM code used to categorize abdominal hernias is K46.9. This is specially labeled as unspecified abdominal hernia without obstruction or gangrene. Other codes of possible relation to this diagnosis would be those of K00 – K95 (diseases of the digestive system) and K40 – K46 (hernia). It can cover different types of hernias but just specifies the protrusion as originating from the abdominal cavity. It is also grouped with groups 393, 394, and 395.These categories overlap.



Article References:

  1. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/189563-overview
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/hernia
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5586997/
  4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/inguinal-hernia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351547
  5. https://www.icd10data.com/ICD10CM/Codes/K00-K95/K40-K46/K46-/K46.9