What does a Testicular Lump look & feel like? Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatments

As much as men prize their private parts, many struggle to discuss openly the troubles that plague them. It is estimated that approximately 1 out of every 250 men will receive a testicular cancer diagnosis at some point in their lifetime. Unlike other cancers that hit the elderly harder, this is a young man’s devil. The average age of diagnosis is just 33.

What Does a Testicular Lump Feel Like?

Healthy testicles should feel smooth and firm, but not hard. Along the back of each ball will be a tube that is called the epididymis. It’s normal for one ball to be larger or hang lower than the other, but a significant discrepancy between the two could be cause for concern.

What does a testicular lump feel like varies depending on the origin. If it is a spermatocele, it will be along the epididymis and will feel firm and smooth. This kind of cyst stems from dead sperm and fluid blocked in the epididymis ducts. Many men never experience symptoms the coincide with the cyst, but some feel a bit of swelling and inflammation. It does not affect fertility and will typically resolve itself.

Cancer causes dense lumps can pop up on the front or side of the testicle and fluctuate in size.

What Does a Testicular Lump Look Like?

Unless accompanied by noticeable swelling, you can’t often see a lump in the testicles. The source will change what does a testicular lump look like.

Varicocele is irritation in the veins that can appear like a bag of worms. Untreated this can lead to low sperm count and infertility.

Testicular Torsion will represent as colossally swollen testes. Run to the emergency room immediately if you have pain and swelling of this nature because torsion is a serious condition.

  • So, where is a testicular cancer lump located?
  • Where is a Testicular Cancer Lump Located?

Testicular cancer will materialize as a hard lump on the front or side of the scrotal sac. Some people describe the texture as marble. Cancer is often accompanied by a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen and scrotum.

View Testicular Lump Pictures

Sometimes a verbal or written description isn’t sufficient to solidify identification of the type of lump found. In that scenario, testicular lump pictures can be helpful to classify what is going on downstairs. Check out some of these images for your visual education, probably NSFW:

What the Size of the Lump Means

In the early stages of testicular cancer, the area will be around the size of a marble or a pea. Often it will continue to grow. Larger, firm lumps should be cause for concern as conditions will propagate and worsen.

Ultimately, the the size of the lump determines severity and progression on the timeline of illness.

What Causes A Testicular Tumor

The medical community is still at a loss when it comes to nailing down the true cause of cancer.

There are correlations, risk factors, and theories on what causes a testicular tumor. Some contributing factors include:

  • Heredity. It might just be hidden within your DNA that you will acquire cancer. A predisposition is one of the biggest risk factors.
  • An undescended testicle.
  • Auto-immune disorder, like HIV or AIDS.
  • Smoking tobacco
  • A history of personal cancer (not in the family, but you as an individual)
  • Aged between 20 and 34, although it occurs at all ages
  • Race. White men are 4 to 5 times as likely as black men or Asian men to develop testicular cancer.
  • Location. Men in the United States and Europe are diagnosed at the highest rate. Asia and Africa have lower rates.

Diagnosis & Treatment Process

When you visit your doctor, they will examine the problem area to come to a conclusion. A few things they might ask you about the lump you have found and inspect for themselves:

  • How large is it?
  • Is it soft or hard?
  • Is there redness?
  • Are you in pain?
  • When does it hurt? (during activity, when you wake up in the morning, all the time, etc.)
  • How long have you exhibited symptoms?

Once they have isolated their ideas, they will form a course of treatment. If cancer is suspected, a biopsy is the first step. If the lab results come back positive, here are the next steps:

Categorize the cancer. Germ cell testicular cancer comprises around 95% of all patients. There are two main types of testicular cancer subcategories from there: seminoma or a non-seminoma. Seminoma have increased in regularity in the past 20 years and now represent around 55% of cases. The remaining belong to non-seminoma. The good news is that the survival rate is high over 90% for both.

Surgery. The testicles and spermatic cord are removed first. Many times, this is the end of treatment if the darkness hasn’t spread.

Chemotherapy. Cancer in the testes responds tremendously well to chemotherapy. Even if it has spread to lymph nodes or other organs.

After treatment is completed, you will always be at a higher risk of relapse. To stay within remission, the American Cancer Society recommends diligence in follow-up appointments. Request that your doctor designs a survivorship care plan tailored to you. This outline will help you stay on track with post-op appointments and lifestyle changes that will improve your chances of success.

Losing weight, getting active, and making sleep a priority will put your body back into balance so you can continue your days on Earth in a healthier place.



Article References:

  1. https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/testicular-cancer/statistics
  2. https://www.nhs.uk/common-health-questions/mens-health/what-should-my-testicles-look-and-feel-like/
  3. https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/special/spermatocele-epididymal-cyst/tv7861spec.html
  4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicocele/symptoms-causes/syc-20378771
  5. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-torsion/symptoms-causes/syc-20378270
  6. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html
  7. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/testicular-cancer/treatment/
  8. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/after-treatment/disclaimer.html