Vitiligo: Signs, Symptoms, Cure, Treatment, Prevention with Pictures

Vitiligo sprang to the forefront when the late Michael Jackson announced that he suffered from the disorder. Prior to the acknowledgment by the pop star, very few people had ever heard of the skin disorder. The lifelong condition is more noticeable on individuals with dark skin as the develop white spotting. The diagnosis is life-altering and many people stop going out in public because they feel like everyone is staring at them and making rude comments behind their back. Relationships fall apart and those who are singled have a hard time dating or socializing because they are so self-conscious of their appearance. In certain countries, having the condition is a stigma, and the sufferer becomes an outcast.

What are the Signs of Vertigo?

Depigmentation of the body’s skin, the interior of the mouth, and hair such as eyelashes, beard, eyebrows, and scalp. It does not spare even the genitals, which undergo lightening. Signs of vertigo usually appear before a person’s 21st birthday and persist for life.

If you are wondering how common is vitiligo, please remember that there are millions of sufferers. Please look at the pictures of the various stages and first signs. If are wondering how it starts, well the white spotting just materializes one day and continues to grow and spread.

The affected area lightens or turns completely ghost white skin. Some people complain that they feel discomfort or itching in the faded area. It occurs in men and in women equally.

There are two types of vertigo:

Segmental or Unilateral: Appears on only a single segment of the body such as the face or hands. Hair color is last in portions of the eyebrows, eyelashes, or head. Lasts for about a year and then stops, although the discolored areas never return to their normal appearance. This form usually commences at an early age.
Non-segmental: Known as bilateral, vitiligo vulgaris, or generalized. Appears on all areas of the body and on both sides. Starts on the fingertips and can climb to the hands, wrists, and arms. Even the delicate skin around your mouth and eyes lighten. There is a rapid loss of color. It may stop or slow for a while but eventually starts again. The condition lasts a lifetime and will have innumerable stop-and-go cycles. The spots expand and become more dramatic.
Vitiligo Treatment Types

Many people opt to not treat vitiligo because research has shown that it is normally unsuccessful so becomes a money pit.

Vitiligo treatment includes:

Strong corticosteroids: This is a mainline form of therapy that is always a standby. However, even the best is not without side effects. Some people report bouts of acne similar to their teenage years. Stretch marks form and the skin becomes paper thin. May slow the progression or allow the melanocytes to rejuvenate.

Calcineurin inhibitors: This is an immune modulating therapeutic medication. It halts the body’s ability to attack the pigment-producing cells. They commonly use this form of topical on the pubic area, penis, scrotum, vagina, vulva, eyelids, and lips where are too sensitive to corticosteroids.

Tacrolimus: Ointment tacrolimus and cream pimecrolimus are the variations. Tacrolimus. Some dermatologists will also recommend pimecrolimus. Rub the cream into the skin. Many people see improvement in a few months. The nice thing about the cream is that if they are effective, then your physician will weave them into a long-term plan tailored for your unique needs. They produce few side effects. There might be a slight stinging sensation but as the skin adjusts the feeling fades.

Calcipotriene: The topical is derived from vitamin D. It was one of the first forms of defense for psoriasis It helps stimulate the body’s manufacture of pigment. They often use this cream with combination therapy regimes.

Depigmentation medicine: When vitiligo covers 50 percent or more of your body your dermatologist might ask to use a depigmentation medication to lighten the rest of your skin. They consider this an intense and drastic form of treatment. It is permanent and non-reversible. Depending on the shade of your skin, it can take decades to even the tone to an acceptable range. You must diligently protect your skin from the sun when using this treatment because the sun’s rays will stimulate the follicles which will cause spotting of the skin’s surface. The drug most commonly used to achieve lightning is monobenzone.

Light Therapy: Light restores the lost pigment. They will place you within an excimer. About 70 percent experience pleasing results, but sadly they fade in time.

PUVA Therapy: Combines UV light with psoralen pills. The treatment must be done weekly in a hospital for a year. Psoralen often affects the eyes so they must closely monitor you. The UV light works well on the trunk and head but does not work well on the hands or feet.

Surgery: Skin grafts are placed over the whitened areas. Can cause a cobblestone appearance, scarring, ridges, and the danger of infection.

Achieving Vitiligo Cure

The treatments above are the only way to gain a skin color balance. Sadly, there is no vitiligo cure. There are also no prevention techniques available.

Understanding Vitiligo and Lupus

Researchers have isolated 23 genes that cause vitiligo. The 23 loci found are building an impressive and groundbreaking framework for an association with adult-onset type 1 diabetes, lupus, and the common rheumatoid arthritis. Vitiligo and lupus have long been believed to share some similarities from genome perspective. The genetic work has also displayed the hereditary likelihood.

 

 

Article References:

  1. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/color-problems/vitiligo#overview
  2. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2016.00003/full
  3. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161010135929.htm
  4. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/color-problems/vitiligo#treatment
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3521835/
  6. https://lupusnewstoday.com/2016/10/18/researchers-identify-genes-related-to-vitiligo-autoimmune-disease-related-to-lupus

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