Painful Moles, Skin Tags, Warts: Causes, Signs, Cure, visits to a Doctor.

Procrastination—an action that entails a tremendous amount of bizarre habits ranging from cleaning every leaf of your house plant to getting lost in a YouTube rabbit hole, just so you can skip doing work, running errands, or studying. We can all sympathize and have been there before.

Undoubtedly though, a subconscious embodiment of this detrimental activity most share is to prod your body at various places, inspecting it for faults. All of a sudden, you stumble upon a bump or discoloration you’re suspicious of. You ask yourself, “what is that?”

Not only has precious time been wasted but now panic starts to hit you. You’ve no clue what this imperfection is but are determined to find out if an appointment with a general practitioner is necessitous.

The internet is vast and an immense quantity of information exists about this matter, which is why we’ve gathered vital info below surrounding moles, skin tags, and warts to make life breezier for everyone!

What Are They?

The first query that necessitates explaining is the major dissimilarities between the three conditions.

Moles

We’ve all got them, some more plentiful than others, making them complicated to understand, detect and interpret correctly. Nevi can virtually appear anywhere on the human dermis and manifest as brown or black discolorations of the skin and occasionally are raised.

They come in a multitude of radii, can materialize from birth (birthmark) or later in a lifetime, and change shape, color, and size throughout one’s lifespan. The diverse types of a nevus are common moles, dysplastic nevi (often found on scalps), and congenital nevi.

Nevi can develop into or be a hint of skin cancer, therefore making it pivotal to regularly check in with your dermatologist.

Skin Tags

These lesions can come to light practically anyplace on your physique and are totally noninfectious, harmless, innocuous, and benign. They’re little growths of dangling skin of various colorings and can recurrently be confused with warts. It can occur in loads of colors and vary in painfulness. If you’re unlucky, it can be a combination of a red and painful skin tag. Other names include fibroepithelial polyp, fibrovascular papilloma, and acrochordon.

Warts

Verrucae (warts) are part of the human papillomavirus (HPV) group and is a virus that infects the upper section of the epidermis and is contagious. It mostly occurs in people with lowered or compromised immune systems like kids, teens, and patients with HIV/AIDS and autoimmune diseases like lupus erythematosus.

Genital warts are a very prevalently spoken, chattered, and gossiped about category of verruca. They eventuate in the nether regions and are a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Many have been mentally scarred from pictures of them during Sex Ed in high school and don’t ever want to think about them again. However, monitoring the pubic area is essential in keeping your health in check.

If you’re sexually active, it’s exceedingly critical you use protection like condoms and inform your bedmates, as well as abstaining from intercourse during a breakout. When left untreated, they can lead to cancers in the area, like anal cancer, especially when the wart is near the anus.

What Are Plantar Warts?

These types of verrucae are found on the feet and are sometimes mistaken for calluses. A plantar wart is extremely painful and acquired easily, particularly when walking barefoot.

If a Mole Is Painful, Is It Cancerous?

We’re all paranoid sometimes, especially when it pertains to our treasured epidermis. Melanomas are a humongous source for concern for a massive fraction of our population, making it viable paranoia.

It’s imperative to monitor the geometry, dimensions, and coloring of any nevi. If they increase in size, change in silhouette, or alter colors it could be an indication for a melanoma. Moreover, a nevus that develops post the age of 25 should be kept a close eye on. Other clues are irregular, disproportionate, and skewed characteristics like uneven edges. Additionally, a mark with a radius exceeding 0.125 inches should be inspected by a local GP.

Even more imperatively, indicators like a painful mole, fluid exiting it, itchy feelings or bleeding from it are to be taken seriously and can prove the existence of cancer. So—yes, if a mole is painful, it can be cancerous.

Thus, it’s of utmost urgency that if you have a painful mole, to immediately consult a physician.

The Causes

Moles

Some moles exist from birth, coining the description as birthmarks. Others are newer and the reason for their existence hasn’t been apprehended. Factors that can incite a new nevus are progressive age, medication, and most importantly, sun exposure. Exposing the skin to UV rays can cause melanomas and benign nevi. Thus, sections usually uncovered are more susceptible, creating more moles on the legs, on the arms, on the face, and on the back.

Moreover, moles on the nipples can be caused by breast cancer and be a warning for it.

Skin Tags

The papilloma is usually caused by friction and rubbing between the skin folds. Therefore, they can show up in places like under the tongue and on the neck. Particularly overweight people and pregnant women are more vulnerable to it.

Warts

Verrucae are brought on by HPV, which is transferred by contact with the wart or touching something that had contact with it. If you have cuts and lacerations, you’re also more exposed to it. Genital warts are predominantly caused by unprotected sex but also by sharing shaving utensils.

The Signs and Symptoms of Warts

They can manifest around the hands, fingers, legs, and genitals. They’re between 1 and 2 mm in radius and are able to spread elsewhere. Their color can be yellow, look swollen and can feel terribly sore.

Plantar Warts Pain Symptoms

The signs are similar to other verrucae but include intense soreness and black spots on the lumps.

Plantar warts pain symptoms are on the soles of the feet and they’re ridiculously agonizing, affecting walking and the mobility of a patient.

What Is the Treatment?

Most harmless moles are left untreated, however, many choose to remove them for cosmetic reasons. More suspicious ones are surgically removed or a biopsy is taken for further testing.

Skin tags don’t entail treatment, however, some are afflicted with a red painful skin tag, which necessitates removal by cryotherapy (freezing), cutting, or burning.

Warts can clear up independently, yet, more persistent ones require methods including cryotherapy, surgical removal, Cantharidin, and salicylic acid. Especially plantar warts—these need immediate attention, due to plantar warts being extremely painful.

When to Visit a Doctor

If anything is hurtful and changes over time, you should contact your MD. Always listen to your gut!

 

 

Article References:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/moles-freckles-skin-tags#1
  2. https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/moles-fact-sheet
  3. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/skin-tags/
  4. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/ss/slideshow-warts
  5. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/contagious-skin-diseases/warts
  6. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/plantar-warts-palmar-warts#1
  7. https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/genital-warts

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