Painful Lump in Groin area of Male & Female: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

The groin area is a hotbed of organs that all coexist. When something amiss occurs, a hard lump spring up. A lump in groin area might be serious or nothing. The lump might appear skin colored or have a purple hue. Some you can move around and others are stationary. In time, the lump can burst to form a large gaping, open sore. Any painful lump in groin should warrant a call to your doc to book a full-body physical.

Finding a Lump in Groin Area

Have you recently been under the weather with a cold, flu, or a severe case of the old-fashioned kissing disease (mononucleosis)? These can all spur the development of a painful lump as lymph node responds to the onslaught of the viral load and works to cleanse the body of the invaders.

Genitourinary infections such as a urinary tract infection (UTI), vaginitis, herpes, or kidney infection (renal pyelonephritis) all lead to swollen lymph nodes. If the node is not painful then there is always the risk of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or leukemia. A physician will have to make the diagnosis.

Painful Lump in Groin From STD

Sexually transmitted diseases have increased in prevalence as people object to wearing condoms. The STD frequently causes a painful lump in groin. The swelling can range from pea sized to softball shaped. Left untreated gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and chlamydia lead to a cluster of lumps that often come to a head and explode forming a gaping wound as the immune system struggles to overcome the infection. The symptoms vary between STDs. They will not resolve without medical intervention and strong pharmaceutical medications. Herpes is a virus that requires antiviral drugs to control outbreaks. Pills to treat the condition include acyclovir (Zorvirax), valacyclovir (Valtrex), and famiciclovir (Famvir) reduce yearly outbreaks.

Lump in Groin Area Male: Hernia

Women can suffer from hernias but they are far more prevalent in men. Lump in groin area male hernia is one of the most commonly reported issues. The inguinal hernia occurs when a section of the small intestine or fat pocket from the abdomen snakes down into the tubular canal that runs through the abdominal wall and pops out of a weakness in the peritoneum. The hernial area will appear as a bulge in the grown next to the scrotum. You can have a single bubble on one side or another bump on the other side making it a dual hernia. If you are suffering from the disorder then breathe easy because you are not alone. Over one million occur each year in the USA.

The causes of a hernia include:

  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Coughing from pneumonia, bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Heavy lifting
  • Obesity
  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunt
  • Ascites
  • Straining during defecation
  • Excessive pushing during urination

Hernia Treatments

The treatment of a conventional inguinal hernia include:

  • Open surgery to push the intestine back into the peritoneal cavity. Often a mesh is installed over the weak spot to reinforce the area and prevent the intestine from slipping back out.
  • Laparoscopic surgery involves making a tiny incision in the abdomen and then threading the laparoscope down to the hernia. The repair of the breach is the same as with open surgery.
  • Robotic hernia repair is popular for smaller hernias. They also use it for the complete repair and rebuild of the abdominal wall.

Dangers of an Incarcerated Inguinal Hernia

Often a hernia becomes strangulated enters the groin area or drops into the scrotum and becomes entrapped. Swelling occurs, and the hernia strangulates.

The inflammation cuts off the blood supply to the small intestine. Without immediate emergency care, the intestine starts to die and eventually gangrene takes hold of the dead tissue putting you at risk of widespread blood poisoning.

Symptoms include

  • High fever
  • The lump becomes tender and red.
  • Bouts of sudden pain occur at intermittent times
  • Fast heart rate
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

A strangulated hernia is a life-threatening condition. The cure is immediate surgery.

Causes of Lump in Groin Female

Although women can get hernias, they are rare. Causes of lump in groin female are usually either swollen lymph nodes from an infection, a cyst, or a far more dire diagnosis such as Hodgkin’s or Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.Enlarged lymph nodes in the groin typically occur with cancer. Any time you have a swollen node with no other signs of infection you should seek medical treatment.

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Lumps in the Groin

Hodgkin’s strikes both men and women. It can even occur in children. The first symptom is typically a lump in the groin.

Some may only have a few of the following symptoms and others only feel tired.

  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itching
  • Cough (due to swollen lymph nodes within the chest cavity placing pressure on the lungs)

Treatment of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Treatment usually comprises high dose chemotherapy combined with a stem cell transplant. Radiation and surgery may also be recommended.

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Lumps in the Groin

Those treated for Hodgkins often have an increased chance of later developing Non-Hodgkins. Also, those who have survived an atomic bomb (such as during Hiroshima and Nagasaki) or modern nuclear reactor accidents later develop the relative rare lymphoma. With Non-Hodgkin’s, you will probably develop lumps in the groin because of lymph node involvement. The treatment for Non-Hodgkin’s is like that of Hodgkin’s Disease.

Studies of survivors of atomic bombs and nuclear reactor accidents.

 

 

Article References:

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/groin-lump#causes
  2. https://www.webmd.com/genital-herpes/genital-herpes-treatment-options#1
  3. http://general.surgery.ucsf.edu/conditions–procedures/inguinal-hernia.aspx
  4. http://general.surgery.ucsf.edu/conditions–procedures/inguinal-hernia.aspx
  5. https://www.healthline.com/health/groin-lump#causes

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