Melanoma on Head, Scalp, Lip and in the Brain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

UV (ultraviolet) rays can penetrate deep beyond hair follicles. Have a luscious mane may protect you from sun damage, but it doesn’t prevent it. Getting melanoma on your head under a full coat of hair is possible. Detection is difficult as most of the skin is not readily visible.

How does one notice melanoma on head under hair?

While shaving is the only sure wait to obtain views of all dimensions of melanoma on the scalp, other signs may be present. Balding or losing patches of hair both with the absence and presence of itching, redness, and scratching may be something to worry about. If you feel a soft bump on your head or recognize abnormal bleeding when properly brushing, combing, or buzzing your hairdo, this can also be an indication.

Melanoma is rare and a function of age. While you can certainly discuss the possibilities with your doctor, it is not the most likely diagnosis. Allergic reactions to shampoo, hairspray, or mousse may be to blame. Getting sunburnt on your head will also irritate the scalp for some time and make it delicate and tender. Damages from exposure to the sun will increase your chances of melanoma in general. If you are characterized by risk factors such as fair skin, Celtic ancestor, familial incidence, or covered in moles, you may have more reason for concern.

Treating melanoma on the scalp

Like any other cancer, this one is first treated via removal options. They are not entirely invasive and can often be performed in an outpatient setting with no unconsciousness. Local anesthetics are used so you don’t feel pain, and the surgeon will surgically remove the suspicious tissue as well as a small graph of skin surrounding it. After analysis, lab technicians can help the doctor determine the severity of your case as well as investigate other regions to monitor spreading. The operation may require you to shave to operate efficiently. Radiation or chemotherapy are more extreme, but possible options.

What’s special about the skin on the lips?

Lips are culturally a very important body part. They are a mark of beauty and help us pronounce our languages and kiss out loved once. They are also unique, which gives them a distinct appearance. Anatomically, all skin has three layers. The stratum corneum is the protective coating, the epidermis is the outer layer, and dermis is beneath that. With lips, that coat of protection is far thinner. They also lack sebaceous glands, meaning that they don’t moisturize on their own. Instead, like a gecko who licks his eyeballs wet, saliva is their source of moisture. This is why your lips become easily chapped where your other skin doesn’t. They also lack any hair follicles (like the soles of feet and palms of hands). They also have fewer melanocytes, meaning that there is limited sun protection. The shortage of pigment also gives them their red and pink colors as they are unable to mask the colors of the blood vessels. Because they aren’t completely devoid, there is room for melanoma development and sometimes spotting.

Is melanoma on the lip similar to scalp?

Melanoma is general is similar to itself. It’s categorized by similar features and physiological properties. Due to the different natures of the locations of infection, manifestation of symptoms is slightly different. Lack of hair growth would mean that you cant rely upon of that symptom for diagnosis. If you look at pictures online, you will also notice that diseases of the lips bare a striking resemblance to canker sores or blemishes. Misdiagnosis is common.

What happens when melanoma spreads to the brain?

Melanoma in the brain is essentially what occurs in the final stages. The brain is a vital organ and it is literally impossible for you to function without it. There are no transplants or artificial creations. While you can recover from damage to certain areas of the brain regions, this is normally the point where you are in your final steps of life. There are some experimental medications.

Basic overview of neuroanatomy

The four lobes of the brain are separated due to physiological structures of lobes and sulci and also function. The occipital lobe is generally responsible for your vision. Temporal lobes are responsible for language comprehension, memories, emotions, and some sensory processing. Parietal lobe is home to the somatosensory cortex responsible for the mind to process touch, pain, and temperatures in addition to aiding with spatial awareness, and proprioception (navigation). Finally, the frontal lobes are responsible for executive functions. These would be things like consciousness, volunteer movement, planning, attention, reward, and motivation.

The functions they’re known for are not exclusively responsible (meaning that lesioning areas outside of the occipital lobe can still cause sight impairments, for example). We have much to map. Damage to any parts of the brain is often manifested in changes in mood or behavior. Some people like the famous Phineas P. Gage can survive devastating injuries will change like this. He had an iron rod driven into his skull. Brain images showed most of the front part was destroyed. Following his miraculous recovery, they reported just changes in behaviors and personality where he became more violent and crass. More serious consequences can occur if certain areas are damaged. Medulla, the structure that directs your heartbeat and breathing, is necessary for life.

Treatment options once spreading occurs

Once vital organs are affected, it is the doctor and patients call to continue with treatment. At this point, radical therapies will be instituted but be warned the prognosis is not great. Unfortunately, at these final stages it may be worth living your life to the best quality rather than trying to extend quantity for the sake of a few days filled with harsh side effects.

 

 

Article References:

  1. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/melanoma-skin-cancer/
  2. https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/sunburn
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5710424/
  4. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470204512700906
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1114479/

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