Cellulitis caused by bites of Insects, Bugs, Bees, Mosquitoes and Spiders

Everyone welcomes the longer days of summer, but it is also the time when bugs become active. Your home might be under assault by a bevy of arachnids, mosquitos, ants, bees, fleas, flies, and no-see-ums. Each one bites or stings. With most people, you develop a carmine, itchy welt, but sometimes, you can contract cellulitis from a bug bite. The risk is real, especially in susceptible people. Please take a moment to look at the attached pictures.

Developing Cellulitis From Bug Bite

Any time an insect bites or stings a person they make a small penetration hole in your skin. At the time of the bite, they may transfer bacteria into the wound or you could just end up with bacteria invading the sight post-bite. Either way, the result is the same; you have an access site on your skin that is now wide open and ready for entry.

Also, bites cause all allergic reaction that triggers massive itching. The scratching can also break the skin’s surface and allow bacteria to penetrate to the deep layers. Cellulitis from bug bit is a common occurrence, especially during spring and summertime.

Contracting Cellulitis from Bee Sting

A sting is painful compared to most bites. The venomous toxin injected differs from other insects. When a honeybee stings, it loses it barb covered stinger. The pulsing stinger remains affixed to your skin, injecting great quantities of venom until you scrape it out. The toxin is water soluble, so it enters your skin it immediately spreads as it liquifies further.

Also, bee venom is cytotoxic, so it kills your cells, even your blood cells. Your body swells and turns red around the sting. A chemical called melittin causes the body to release histamine. The sting automatically releases the peptide melittin, which breaks apart the cell’s membranes and stimulates pain receptors. The body floods the site with histamine to aid the immune cells. However, the site also itches. Cellulitis from bee sting develops a few days after the initial sting.

What to Do With the Stinger

Wasps, Mud Dabbers, Yellowjackets, and Hornets all keep their stingers after they sting, but the honeybee loses its stinger. You will be able to see the pulsing stinger at the site. You should not pinch the stinger and pull it out of your skin because this will squeeze the remaining venom directly into the bite. Instead, scrape or flick off the stinger.

Developing Cellulitis From Spider Bite

Within the United States, there are over 3,000 spider types, but few are dangerous. In fact, the mouth of most spiders is too small and their fangs too tiny to penetrate the skin’s surface. Some spiders such as the Brown Recluse and the Black Widow possess very potent venom that can even be lethal. Also, the Tarantula, Hobo Spider, and Brazilian Wandering Spider all render serious bites. Cellulitis from spider bite is common.

Brown Recluse: The bite of the Brown Recluse (Loxosceles reclusa) turns fuchsia and itches within eight hours. A purplish ring develops around the bite and looks similar to a bullseye. The next day it often blisters. Individuals can have a reaction to the toxin which causes symptoms such as kidney and liver failure.

Black Widow: The Black Widow (Latrodectus hesperus) leaves two fang marks in the skin’s surface. Then further systemwide issues manifest such as muscle cramping, pain, headache, elevated blood pressure, numbness, increased saliva, nausea, vomiting, and sweating.

Hobo Spider: The bite from the Hobo Spider (Eratigena agrestis) hardens. It then discharges pus, and the circumference turns black. Purple blister forms. Hobo bites take a long time to heal which makes then prone towards a secondary infection and cellulitis. Antibiotic drugs, corticosteroids, and surgery to remove the dying skin and infection are often used to get the wound to heal.

Tarantulas: The Tarantula (Theraphosidae), is not aggressive and its bite is mild, but it opens up a wound that allows bacteria to thrive.

Brazilian Wandering Spider (Phoneutria fera): The bite is excruciating. It swells rapidly and usually kills the surrounding tissue. Death can occur.

Jumping Spider: The tiny Jumping Spider (Salticidae) is a cute little creature. It can bite you but the bite is similar in pain to that of a wasp. However, punctures can lead to cellulitis.

Wolf Spider: The main threat from the bite of the Wolf Spider (Lycosidaa) is that it tears the skin allowing bacteria to flood the site.

Developing Cellulitis From Mosquito Bite

Around the globe, mosquito bites cause the death of half a million people annually. They are a vector of serious diseases such as malaria, Equine, La Crosse and St Louis encephalitis, yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, Guillan Barre, dirofilariasis, tularemia, Jamestown Canyon virus, Barmah Forest fever, Rift Valley fever, Zika, Keystone virus, microcephaly, and West Nile virus. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus transmit multiple diseases. Aedes aegypti is only a vector of yellow fever.

Cellulitis from a mosquito bite can occur. When a mosquito bites it injects anticoagulants and saliva. The site becomes a raised cerise mound that itches. The hole penetrated by the mosquito can be a cause of cellulitis and so can the scratching.

 

 

Article References:

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/bug-bites
  2. https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/news/editorial/2018/05/15/14/05/bee-stings
  3. http://explorecuriocity.org/Explore/ArticleId/5094/what-happens-when-a-bee-stings-you.aspx
  4. https://www.healthline.com/health/spider-bites#jumping-spider
  5. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/mosquitoes-kill-more-humans-human-murderers-do-180951272/

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